History of Armenia

History of Armenia

Armenia has a millenary history full of emotion, tragic moments, of a glory, Armenia with its people does not give up, looks towards the future, builds and thrives.

A country in action in the past, present and future.

Several centuries after the clashes with the Hittites, the first empire that settled in Armenian territory was that of the Urartu, who occupied a large part of the Caucasus between 800 and 600 BC.

In 66 BC  Romans did not spare the country, they came to this remote region. Thus Armenia for several centuries was disputed between Romans, Parthians, Byzantines and Sassanids.

In 301 the Caucasian paradise was the first state in the world to embrace Christianity as an official religion, even before the Roman Empire or Christian Europe.

The Armenians did not surrender and between the 9th and 11th centuries this area returned to being independent, and went through an extraordinary phase of economic, social and cultural revival, interrupted in 1071 by the arrival of the Turks, which marked the most black and sadder for all of Asia, where they settled until the end of the 18th century.

In 1375 the Armenian sovereignty in Cilicia ended, when the Mamluks of Egypt took advantage of the country's weakness to invade it. However, they were unable to maintain possession; Turkish tribes entered the region and settled there, anticipating Tamerlane's conquest of Cilicia.

Many Armenians were killed, others fled and settled in different countries of Eastern Europe, the Balkans, the Middle East and cities such as Moscow and Sochi in Russia, Odessa, Sevastopol and the Crimea in Ukraine, Tiflis and Batumi in Georgia, Plovdiv in Bulgaria, Athens in Greece, Beirut in Lebanon and Aleppo in Syria. An important community took refuge in Jerusalem which gave rise to the Armenian Quarter. Others moved to Cyprus, which remained under Venetian rule until 1489.

Only a few Armenians remained in Cilicia, thus maintaining the presence of a community in the region until the Armenian genocide of 1915.

Their descendants dispersed in the Armenian diaspora and the Catholicosate of the Great House of Cilicia which is now located in Antilyas, Lebanon presided over by His Holiness Aram 1.

Armenia for its strategic position, for its wealth from 1813 found itself under the control of the Russian Empire; folded, thanks to the great internal struggles and the glorious Revolution of 1917 which was followed by the creation of the Armenian National Council, which first paved the way for the proclamation of the Democratic Republic of Armenia, and then for the definitive independence from the USSR, which took place on 21 September 1991 .

This is a short story, many sad moments have been canceled but it is not easy to forget the genocide and the occupation of the territories, a diaspora that continues today. Yesterday’s Ottomans continue killing the Armenian people today, it is enough to recall the sending of Islamic terrorists whose task is to kill innocent Christians and Armenians and Muslims.

No country has ever suffered so many atrocities, it will be the most tragic diaspora in history. Very few are those who know and remember this serious historical event. There is a map of the diaspora and many museums to remember the innocent. By Armenian diaspora Haykakan spyurk 'we mean the flight of the Armenian communities living outside Armenia, from Nagorno-Karabakh, where Turkey supporting the Azerbejian continues to perpetrate actions of struggle and racial intolerance against the millenary Armenian civilization , and of the territories historically populated by Armenians.

The modern diaspora began after the Armenian genocide of the early 20th century on December 15, 1915.

The diaspora has ensured that the Armenians populate with their communities various states around the world, where although they have not stopped hoping to be able to return to their own country, they have perfectly integrated into the communities and laws of the host states.

They are present everywhere and enjoy an extraordinary reputation, characterized by a good cultural level, they live in peace and harmony with the local populations. An Armenian community has lived in the Holy Land for more than a millennium, and one of the four districts of the historic center of Jerusalem is the Armenian Quarter.

A sad and tragic chapter in history will remain unsolved, the wound will remain open until Turkey recognizes the sins of the Ottomans and changes its hostile attitude towards the Armenian people.

Towards the end of the nineteenth century some areas of the Ottoman Empire, inhabited by populations of Armenian origin, especially in Anatolia, had risen against the Empire. In the years 1894-1896 there was the first Armenian genocide, during the campaign against the Armenians led by the Ottoman sultan Abdul-Hamid II at the head of the Ottoman army, flanked by Kurdish irregular militias.

The episode remained silent until the invention of the telegraph and in 1890, the news of the massacres spread quickly throughout the world, leading to condemnation of the incident by most civilized nations.

Then the great massacre between 1914 and 1915 one and a half million innocents were massacred by the Ottomans. Yesterday's Ottomans and today's toucrks continue to suffocate this people who not only refuse to surrender but transform their country into a rare paradise.